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The impact of the cononsolvency effect on poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) based microgels at interfaces
Citation key rich14
Author Richter, M. and Hunnenmörder, M. and von Klitzing, R.
Pages 2439-2452
Year 2014
DOI 10.1007/s00396-014-3340-7
Journal Coll. Polymer Sci.
Volume 292
Number 10
Abstract The paper addresses the effect of solid interfaces on the cononsolvency effect for poly(N-iso propylacrylamide) based microgels containing different contents of the co-monomer allyl acetic acid (AAA). The cononsolvency effect is studied by dynamic light scattering (DLS) in solution and with atomic force microscopy (AFM) at surfaces against different mixtures of water and organic solvent (ethanol, iso-propanol, and tetrahydrofuran). For the studies at interfaces, the microgels are spin coated on silicon wafers that are precoated with poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH). The minimum in particle volume due to cononsolvency shows a pronounced shift from 10–20 % of organic solvent to 40–50 % after deposition at the Si/PAH wafer. The strong shift indicates an increase of water to organic solvent ratio within the gel at the surface with respect to the bulk solution. In order to understand the increase of water to organic solvent ratio, shrinking/reswelling AFM experiments for different spin-coating conditions and under ambient conditions are carried out. Spin coating from water instead from different solvent mixtures has no effect on the cononsolvency. In ambient conditions, the cononsolvency effect disappears
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