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Particle stabilized aqueous foams at different length scales - synergy between silica particles and alkylamines
Citation key carl15
Author Carl, A. and Bannuscher, A. and von Klitzing, R.
Pages 1615-1622
Year 2015
DOI 10.1021/la503321m
Journal Langmuir
Volume 31
Abstract Nanoparticles can be efficient foaming agents. Yet, the detailed mechanisms of foam stabilization by these particles remain unclear. In most cases, the foamability and foam stability of a system have to be determined empirically. We used a multiscale approach to reveal how the microscopic properties of the nanoparticle dispersion are translated into their foaming behavior at the macroscopic scale. As a model system we used silica nanoparticles that were hydrophobized by the in situ adsorption of short-chain alkylamines of chain length C5 to C8. We used fluorescence spectroscopy and electrophoretic mobility measurements to characterize the bulk behavior of the nanoparticles with adsorbed amines. The interfacial behavior was probed by compressing particle monolayers while monitoring the surface tension. The macroscopic foamability and foam stability were evaluated. There are strong correlations between the system properties at all length scales. The most prominent effects are observed at a critical bulk concentration of amines at which the nanoparticles start to aggregate due to hydrophobic interactions. Our study shows how the foam properties are related to the features of the bulk dispersions and to the ordering of particles at the air/water interface. The present results help to understand the surfactant concentration dependent stages of foaming behavior of in situ hydrophobized nanoparticles.
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